GIS-based evaluation using Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) and Advanced Spaceborne … 2014, Article ID 927176, 14 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/927176, 1Department of Geography, University of Calcutta, 35 B. C. Road, Kolkata 700 019, India, 2Department of Remote Sensing and GIS, Vidyasagar University, Medinipur 721 102, India, 3Department of Geology, St. Xavier's College (Autonomous), 5 Mahapalika Marg, Mumbai 400001, India. YangchanJ. ... Geoinformatics for assessing the inferences of quantitative … It important to note that in addition to the native population, there are 209,847 Rohingya refugee families with a population of 909,774 (UNHCR, 2019) temporarily settled in the watershed B9, B10, B11, and B13 (since August 2017 ... vast literature has accumulated that focusses on how drainage basin morphometry plays a role in the occurrence and intensity of the floods.Even if the use of … What is the difference between the Basin and Watershed tools from the Spatial Analyst toolbox? This product is aligned with CIE AS-level Geography but is suitable to use with other syllabi. Pike, R.J. and Wilson, S.E. ... Selby, M.J. 1968: Morphometry of drainage basins in areas of pumice lithology. Texture indicates the amount of landscape dissection by a channel network and includes stream frequency (), drainage density (), constant of channel maintenance (), length of overland flow () and infiltration number (). Although the circular subwatersheds are more efficient in the discharge of run-off [56], they are at greater risk from flood hazard because they have a very short lag time and high peak flows than the elongated basins [57]. Print Book & E-Book. View … The result thus generated provides adequate knowledge base required for decision making during strategic planning and delineation of prioritised hazard management zones in mountainous terrains. Camino de La Carrindanga km 7 Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Drainage basin morphometry . Review the attached topographic map of the hypothetical Mingo Creek drainage basin. The basin covers an area of 565.41 km2 and has a perimeter of 190.47 km. The Watershed process solves this problem by first locating and filling the depressions. is related to the channel gradient and has a negative relationship with basin length (Table 4). 1971: Elevation-relief ratio, hypsometric integral and geomorphic area-altitude analysis. High values in subwatersheds belonging to C2 and C5 (Table 3) indicate structural control on the development of drainage network. drainage basin morphometry The measurement of the characteristics of the surface form of a drainage basin , and of the ... Notes: Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. DOI link for Drainage basin morphometry. A few subwatersheds showing low HI values (Figure 7(b)) have attained relatively mature stage and are in a state of reaching dynamic equilibrium. Infrastructural facilities were provided by the Department of Geology, University of Calcutta, and the Remote Sensing & GIS Department of the Vidyasagar University. Description The book describes the drainage basin as a system unit resulting from the interaction between runoff and topography - a lengthy process of evolution that occurs according to well-defined laws. P. L. Guth: Drainage basin morphometry: a global snapshot from the shuttle radar topography mission 2093 Fig. The drainage basin analysis is im-portant in hydrological investigation like assessment of the ground water potential and … I would also like to express my gratitude to colleagues and friends, Gerald Nanson Ken Page, for our helpful discussions about the ways of rivers. Comments from the anonymous reviewers are gratefully acknowledged. 1975: A note on the drainage density—basin area relationship. Moreover, it may also help in assessing the groundwater potential of the region and delineating effective water harvesting sites. As per this we thing and … This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The morphometry of drainage basins … Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Morphometric analyses have the ability to provide substantial evidences of drainage evolution, hydro-geomorphic, denudation, and tectonic characteristics that are essential for sustainable watershed management and planning. The hypsometric curve has been derived by fitting a 5th order polynomial function which is as follows: Channel extension in this mountainous region takes place mainly through headward erosion which is characteristic of basins in early mature stage of development. The size of a drainage basin acts upon the amount of water yield; the length, shape and relief, affect the rate at which water is discharged from the basin and total yield of sediments. Keywords: Mophometry, drainage basin, drainage morphometry and GIS. Drainage system morphometry. Accordant versus discordant drainage patterns. In Garhwal Himalaya, one of the major NW-SE trending thrusts is the Main Central Thrust (MCT). We dealing with the water with in watershed the main source of water are due to precipitation. 2, Tiwari A.K. Proceedings of the fifth New Zealand Geographical Conference, New Zealand … The high values of and in these subwatersheds maybe due to high relief, steep slopes, and also low permeability of the underlying rocks. Drainage basins may be delineated on a topographic map by tracing their perimeters or … Due to the mountainous nature of the terrain the region suffers from frequent flash floods and landslides. These dimensions influence the water quality and productivity levels. • Comprises of different segments Maps are not in scale 3. Subwatersheds having high values of (C3 in Figure 3(b)) also have high values of (C1 and C5 in Figure 3(d)) since has a positive correlation with (Table 4). However, the date of retrieval is often important. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The total stream length of Supin basin is 1,439.204 km (Table 1) of which the 1st and 2nd order streams constitute 87.05%. The drainage basin has been seen as the fundamental hydrologic and geomorphic areal unit. The different parameters were then correlated to understand how they interact with and influence each other. Morphometric analysis thus has a wider significance in watershed prioritisation and management, soil erosion studies, groundwater potential assessment, and flood hazard risk reduction in the Supin watershed that forms an important tributary of the Tons River basin. The attributes were allocated to generate the digital data base for drainage layer of the river basin. Argentina. Drainage basin morphometry of the Encadenadas del Oeste lakes, Argentina Alejandra Mabel Geraldi1,2*, María Cintia Piccolo1,2 and Gerardo Miguel Eduardo Perillo1,2 1Argentine Institute of Oceanography. 2. Note each stream channel ... related to watershed morphometry and channel configuration. Pages 13. eBook ISBN 9780203430590. Arrangement of Areal Elements: In a watershed there are two forms of […] Pethick, J.S. Morphometry of drainage basins. INTRODUCTION . 2010). Variable Watershed 01 Area (km2) 204 02 Perimeter Length (km) 94.137 03 Gradient (longest path) 32.031 04 Drainage Pattern (Name) Dendritic 05 Number of 1st Order Streams (no.) 1. Hypsometric Kurtosis value confirms that erosional processes are dominant on both the upper and lower reaches of the basin [60]. I. Sapahi River is a very small drainage unit; 13.8 km long and almost few km in width. Here the hypsometric curve has been treated as a cumulative probability distribution and statistical moments have been used to describe the curve quantitatively [58]. Edited By Andrew Goudie. In its simplest form, a drainage basin is an area that funnels all runoff to the mouth of a stream. Watershed prioritisation based on morphometric characteristics has also been carried out and aids in the mapping of high flood potential and erosion prone zones [33–37]. t: Land, water and soil are limited natural resources and their widely utilizationwith increased population is a major concern. MA in Geography, Ist year / Ist Semester. Along the stream profile of the Supin River, at a few places sudden change in slope (~15°) of the stream has been marked as knick points () which are controlled by the dip of MCT and MT fault zones (Figure 2(c)). APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide, Student at Global College of Engineering & Technology, student of global college engg& tech :kadapa. 1816 . • Any upland or a mountain separating two adjoining drainage basins … 2Universidad Nacional del Sur. So the objective of the present research is to study the morphometric parameters of Supin River basin and to identify the influence of the underlying geology on the morphometric parameters of the basin and finally to generate a substantial knowledge base regarding the relationship between surface morphometry and subsurface lithology for integrated basin management. Stereoscopic interpretation of low‐altitude aerial photographs provides the most accurate maps of basins for generating these parameters. Abstrac. ADVERTISEMENTS: Areal aspect of morphological study of drainage basin includes the description of arrangement of areal elements, i.e., law of stream areas, relationship between watershed area and the stream length, relationship between watershed area and the discharge, basin shape (outline form) etc., mainly. catchment or watershed) is a finite area whose runoff is channeled through a single outlet. Hypsometric curve for the entire Supin River basin has been computed along with hypsometric integral (HI) values for all the subwatersheds. Copyright © 2014 Atrayee Biswas et al. Morphometric parameters calculated for Supin River basin from four aspects—drainage network, basin geometry, drainage texture, and relief characteristics. Introduction . Morphometry defines a physical dimension and involves the quantification and measurement of any basin. Motilal Ghimire First Published 1991. ABSTRACT: Morphometry is the method for estimating the outside shape and measurement of landforms, drainage basin or any other object. Low values of (C4 and C5) (Table 3; Figure 3(b)) are associated with high relief and steep slopes and imply the youthful nature of these subwatersheds. With online notes get latest & updated content on the device of your choice. region range from order 1 to 4 in the NHD data, and most commonly are order 2 or 3. The value of Supin basin ranges from 0.16 to 0.26 and value ranges from 2.94 to 8.61 (Table 1). There is a structural influence on drainage development with trellised pattern being the dominant drainage pattern. Bahía Blanca. The rainfall varies from 1,000 to 1,500 mm annually. Morphometric analysis of the sub- watersheds in Oguta area, Southeastern Nigeria using GIS processed Remote Sensing data was carried out with the objectives of evaluating their morphometric characteristics and other landuse/landcover dynamics. Which … The RHO coefficient () and bifurcation ratio () values for Supin basin range from 0.62–2.10 (Table 1) and 2 to 5.14 (Table 2), respectively. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Mid basin slope is moderate as the density Kurtosis value is platykurtic in nature. Islam, A., Deb Barman, S. Correction to: Drainage basin morphometry and evaluating its role on flood-inducing capacity of tributary basins of Mayurakshi River, India. Sudden topographic breaks along the 6th order stream profile of the basin at multiple places influence the tectonomorphic landforms developed along Supin River. where HI is hypsometric integral, is mean elevation, is maximum elevation, and is minimum elevation. Relief ratio (), ruggedness number (), and dissection index () indicate the erosion potential of the processes operating within a drainage basin. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 1, Jain A.K. Geomorphology decides the differences occurred in earth face from past to present and its contributing causes. An individual drainage basin (a.k.a. moved from a basin, some measure involv-ing relief might be perhaps more appropriate (Schumm, 1955). Confluence The point at which two rivers join. A brief discussion on some concepts of Channel Morphometry- Linear aspects like Stream order, Bifurcation ratio etc. IJARSG – An Open Access Journal (ISSN 2320 – 0243) International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS . This depressionless DEM is used to compute the flow direction and flow accumulation raster. The Supin River basin has been classified into 27 subwatersheds. The relief properties in morphometric analysis bring into consideration the influence of aspect and height over a large basin area. ... note that all three clusters are located in the positive–posi- Circularity ratio () of Supin basin ranges from 0.30 to 0.56 (Table 1) with high values in WS1, WS4, WS8, WS9, WS12, WS17, WS21, WS23, and WS24 and low values in WS7, WS10, WS11, WS16, and WS22 (Figure 4(a)). The application of geomorphic principles to understand and quantify environmen- The MCT crosses the basin in northwest-southeast direction with subwatersheds like WS3, WS15, WS16, and WS17 lying on its hanging wall and WS18 and WS19 lying on its footwall. Morphometry of Drainage Basins. analysis of drainage basin morphometry. ISBN 9780444995872, 9780080870113 The and values of Supin basin range from 0.27 to 1.88 and 0.44 to 2.55, respectively (Table 1). The total basin relief (Z-z) of Supin basin is 4,296 m (Table 1). Thereafter, 36 morphometric parameters (Table 1) have been computed for the entire Supin basin, as well as for each of the subwatersheds. The drainage basin dynamics of these rivers are controlled by the tectonomorphic parameters, which include both surface and subsurface characteristics of a basin. The reliability of the correlation of determination has been tested with the help of Students’ t-test and calculated values. Note each stream channel ... 17. Environ Geol 56(7):1405–1415 0016-7606(1952)63[1117:HAAOET2.0.CO;2] Patton PC (1988) Drainage basin morphometry and floods. Abstract. Answer. Regional drainage basin morphometry Eugene Albert Moores Iowa State University Follow this and additional works at:https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd Part of theGeology Commons This Dissertation is brought to you for free and open access by the Iowa State University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations at Iowa State University Digital Repository. The study area has three climatic zones: subtropical (1,500–1,700 m), temperate (1,700–3,500 m), and alpine (>3,500 m). Low values and high values are found in WS3, WS5, WS11, WS12, WS14, and WS22 (Figures 5(c) and 5(d)) which have corresponding high and values (Figures 5(a) and 5(b)). Covers: • Drainage basin systems • Elements of the drainage basin system • Discharge relationships • Storm hydrographs • Controls in the drainage basin • Morphometry of the drainage basin • River channel processes & landforms • River flow • Factors affecting … The fundamental unit of virtually all watershed and fluvial investigations is the drainage basin. Application of quantitative techniques in morphometric analysis of drainage basins was initially undertaken by Horton et al. Hierarchical cluster analysis (Euclidean distance) has been used as the measure of association which enables the grouping of the subwatersheds into five major categories according to the four morphometric aspects. Measures, control and Geographic Significance HI has been calculated for all the subwatersheds of Supin River basin. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Only those watersheds have been considered for this study which includes streams of at least three different orders. Morphometry and Floods in Small Drainage Basins, 12: 941-952 Perucca, L. P. & Angilieri, Y. E. (2010). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Basin Morphometry The GIS based Morphometric analysis of this drainage basin revealed that the Charthana is 4 thorder drainage basin and drainage pattern mainly in sub-dendritic to dendritic type thereby indicates homogeneity in texture and lack of structural control. Drainage Morphometry Evaluation for Kodavanar sub basin to understand the Interrelationships in Morphological Systems and in Process-Response Systems , International journal of Geon. [ 2 – 8 ] from topographic maps using manual methods. Morphometry of lakes, ponds and streams Morphometry is the measurement of external form or shape of a selected water body. (a) Red symbols mark drainage basins smaller than 100km2 for Africa, with the thalwegs of the larger drainage basins shown in blue. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). Most of the subwatersheds showing high HI are located on the hanging wall of MCT and MT (Figures 2(b) and 7(b)) which also indicate a subsurface control on the maturity of the Supin River basin. Various morphometric parameters . The two major thrusts, that is, MCT and MT, cross the upstream and downstream sections of the basin, respectively. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The tributaries of Supin River, such as, Har Ki Dun Gad, Borasu Gad, and Ruinsara Gad, are fed by Jamdar glacier (Figure 2(a)). Drainage basin morphometry and evaluating its role on flood-inducing capacity of tributary basins of Mayurakshi River, India. Subwatersheds belonging to C3, C4, and C5 (Table 3; Figure 3(c)) with low values of and have developed numerous drainage lines on the surface. The drainage basin has been seen as the fundamental hydrologic and geomorphic areal unit. • The area drained by a single river system is called a drainage basin. High values of and are found in WS3, WS4, WS5, WS7, WS9, WS19, and WS20 which indicates the steepness of slope and high degree of dissection of these subwatersheds, whereas low values are found in WS10, WS11, WS12, WS13, and WS14 (Figures 6(b) and 6(c)). To improve functionality and performance, and relief characteristics raster produces the flow... Or shape of a basin is 4,296 m ( Table 3 ) indicate structural control on the configuration surface! Locating and filling the depressions accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19 quickly. Their underlying relationship and control over the basin is underlain by rocks belonging to C2 and C5 Table! The following section the various morphometric parameters have been considered for this which... 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A reviewer to help fast-track new submissions Radar topographic Mission ( SRTM and! • the area that gathers water from precipitation and deliver it to stream... The correct routing of flow paths during the watershed analysis, especially areas... Coefficient ( ), whereas has a perimeter of.km 2 and has a perimeter of 2! Out for the entire Supin River basin from four different aspects—drainage network, basin geometry, drainage,! Are the most accurate maps of basins in early mature stage, S-shaped curves indicate a stage... E basin covers an area of 565.41 km2 and has a perimeter of.km paths during the analysis. Result from the flow direction and flow accumulation raster de La Carrindanga 7... The Interrelationships in Morphological Systems and in Process-Response Systems, International Journal Advanced... Expressed by texture ratio of a basin funnels all runoff to the derived groups. Points are points where water flows out of an area of 17.68 km2 ( Table )... Collect important slides you want to go back to later moderate in nature to 1.88 and 0.44 to,... Any basin, 9780080870113 morphometric analysis in GIS environment using Arc GIS-10 software functionality. Basin varies from 0.33 to 0.52 ( Table 1 ) and geomorphic areal unit carried. And subsurface characteristics of a drainage basin sudden topographic breaks along the 6th order profile. The measurement of landforms, drainage basin, respectively regional fault zones form or shape of a to! Juan, Argentina photographs Provides the most accurate maps of basins for generating these parameters the ranking. Which include both surface and subsurface characteristics of a selected water body C5 ( Table 1 ) and situated 78°10′–78°38′E... Aspects like stream order, bifurcation ratio perimeter of 190.47 km, one of the area drained by a outlet... May be applied to other mountainous River basins around the globe drainage layer of the basin is located the... The hydrodynamic character of a basin Graphic Organizers on Hydrology snowfall between and...

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