Keen, Spec. Sir Eric Gairy had led Grenada to independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. [5] Ronald H. Cole's report for the Joint Chiefs of Staff showed an even lower count. Jason N., Fort Bragg, N.C. Young, Spec. Sir Eric Gairy had led Grenada to independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. On October 25, 1983, nearly 2,000 United States Marines led an invasion of the Caribbean island nation of Grenada. The U.S. invasion of Grenada was the first major U.S. military operation since the end of the Vietnam War. Details of the friendly fire at the 82/2nd Brigade TOC during the invasion, Article can be found here, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military expeditions of the United States, Operations involving American special forces, United States Marine Corps in the 20th century, Wars involving Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, https://www.argunners.com/death-sean-luketina-grenada-invasion-1983/, Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment – Delta, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), Co E (Long Range Surveillance) 109th MI Battalion, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 122 (VAW-122), http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/urgent_fury.htm, "Operation Urgent Fury: The Planning and Execution of Joint Operations in Grenada", http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/doctrine/history/urgfury.pdf, http://www.nytimes.com/1984/03/30/world/medals-outnumber-gi-s-in-grenada-assault.html, Country-data.com – Caribbean Islands: A Regional Security System, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,926318-1,00.html, "United Nations General Assembly resolution 38/7, page 19", http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/r38.htm, http://articles.latimes.com/1991-08-19/local/me-555_1_gulf-war, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,952382,00.html, "St. Vincent's Prime Minister to officiate at renaming of Grenada international airport", http://www.caribbeannetnews.com/news-16694--32-32--.html, "BISHOP'S HONOUR: Grenada airport renamed after ex-PM", http://www.cananews.net/news/131/ARTICLE/38264/2009-05-30.html, "Paul Scoon, Who Invited Grenada Invaders, Dies at 78", http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/09/world/americas/paul-scoon-who-invited-grenada-invaders-dies-at-78.html, "United Nations General Assembly resolution 38/7", http://web.archive.org/web/20001119041100/http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/res/resa38.htm, "Assembly calls for cessation of "armed intervention" in Grenada", http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1309/is_v21/ai_3073305, http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30C12F6385D0C758EDDAA0894DB484D81&scp=20&sq=grenada&st=nyt, http://www.nationnews.com/index.php/articles/view/ex-airport-boss-recalls-cubana-crash/, Nightline – 25 Oct 1983 – ABC – TV news: Vanderbilt Television News Archive, "The U.S. 5 Gerald R., Fort Bragg, N.C. A VA-87 A-7E from USS Independence over Port Salines airfield. For me it is a day with both positive and negative reflections. The Bishop government began constructing the Point Salines International Airport with the help of Britain, Cuba, Libya, Algeria, and other nations. The Defense Department has identified these additional United States servicemen killed, wounded or missing in the invasion of Grenada: Killed Army CLINE, Specialist 5 … Jeffery L., Fort Bragg, N.C. Garrison, Spec. British colonists killed most of the Caribs on the island and established plantations on the island, eventually importing African slaves to work on the sugar plantations. Nonetheless, the invasion was highly criticised by the governments in Canada, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United Kingdom. The invasion, which commenced at 05:00 on 25 October 1983, began when forces refuelled and departed from the Grantley Adams International Airport on the nearby Caribbean island of Barbados before daybreak en route to Grenada. Gailey, Phil; Warren Weaver Jr. (26 March 1983). The Army today identified these United States servicemen as killed or wounded in the invasion of Grenada. It exacted, however, a heavy operational and logistical price by impeding the ability of the Air Force to build up men and materiel in the airhead quickly. Nearly eight thousand soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines had participated in Operation Urgent Fury along with 353 Caribbean allies of the Caribbean Peace Forces (CPF). It had been six months since I had passed through the gauntlet of Advanced Infantry School, Airborne School and the Ranger Indoctrination Program. There was a lack of intelligence about Grenada, which exacerbated the difficulties faced by the quickly assembled invasion force. Randall, Washington, D.C. Awtrey, Air Force Capt. Grenada is part of the Commonwealth of Nations and, following the invasion, it requested help from other Commonwealth members. Indeed, it may have in part been a test of the so-called "Vietnam syndrome," the purported "affliction" that makes it difficult for the American public to support U.S. military intervention without a just cause. Organization of American States Killed MAYNARD, Pvt. 5. The invasion highlighted issues with communication and coordination between the branches of the United States military, contributing to investigations and sweeping changes, in the form of the Goldwater–Nichols Act and other reorganizations. 75th Rangers / Ranger Mortarman / U.S. Army, Kevin J. Lannon / Sergeant / 2nd Bn. Keith J., Granite City, Ill. Lundberg, Quartermaster 1st Class Keven E., Kodiak, Alaska. 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